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Factors That Effect Fertility

Our conception and ovulation calculators will help you plan out when the best time is for conception, but sometimes there might be many other factors that are preventing you from becoming a mother. Here are a few reasons why many women find it hard to get pregnant.

WOMEN’S ISSUES

General Health Factors

  • Being overweight: Body fat levels that are 10 to 15 percent above normal can overload the body with estrogen, throwing off the reproductive cycle.
  • Being underweight: Body fat levels 10 to 15 percent below normal can completely shut down the reproductive process.
    Having a hormonal imbalance: Irregularities in the hormone system (characterized by irregular menstrual cycles or short, long, or heavy periods) can affect ovulation.
  • Having an autoimmune disorder: Diseases such as lupus, diabetes, thyroid disease, and rheumatoid arthritis can interfere with fertility.
  • Taking medication: Antidepressants, antibiotics, painkillers, and other drugs used to treat chronic disorders may cause temporary infertility.
  • Using tobacco or alcohol: Smoking may increase the risk of infertility in women; and even moderate alcohol consumption (as few as five drinks a week) can impair conception.
  • Being exposed to occupational or environmental hazards: Prolonged exposure to high mental stress, high temperatures, chemicals, radiation, or heavy electromagnetic or microwave emissions may reduce a woman’s fertility.

Fallopian Tube Disease

Fallopian tube disease accounts for about 20 percent of infertility cases treated.  Since tubal scarring or blockage is often caused by sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), pelvic inflammatory disease, or certain surgeries, alert your doctor if you’ve had:

  • An STD, such as gonorrhea, syphilis, or chlamydia
  • Pelvic pain, unusual vaginal discharge, and/or bleeding, with or without a fever
  • Pelvic surgery for a ruptured appendix, ovarian cysts, or an ectopic pregnancy (a pregnancy that takes place outside of the uterus, usually in the fallopian tubes)

If a doctor suspects a problem, he or she can perform a hysterosalpingogram — an X-ray that can evaluate the condition of the uterus and determine if the fallopian tubes are obstructed.

Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a condition in which tissue from the uterine lining grows outside the uterus, on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, bladder, and/or bowel. Research indicates that it accounts for between 5 and 30 percent of female infertility. Several factors may contribute to infertility, including:

  • Scar tissue: Rigid webs of scar tissue may form between the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes, preventing the transfer of the egg to the fallopian tubes.
  • Cysts: Endometrial cysts may grow inside the ovaries and prevent the release of the egg or its collection by the fallopian tube.
  • Poor egg implantation: Endometriosis may prevent the fertilized egg from adhering to the uterine wall.

 

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

Some STDs are asymptomatic and lie undetected in women. (For instance, 70 percent of women with chlamydia show no symptoms and consequently don’t seek treatment.) The bad news is that STDs can lead to tubal scarring, ectopic pregnancy, other reproductive problems, and ultimately infertility if left untreated. To reduce this risk:

  • Use latex condoms to stop diseases from spreading
  • Consider that people with multiple sex partners are at the highest risk for STDs
  • Detect and treat infections early if possible (both partners should be treated if either has an infection)

 

MEN’S ISSUES

The following is a partial list of risk factors that may contribute to male infertility,

  • Being a smoker: Smoking impairs the ability of sperm to move (its motility).
  • Using alcohol: Having more than one or two drinks a day can affect the quality and quantity of sperm, lower testosterone levels, and contribute to erectile dysfunction.
  • Taking illegal drugs: Cocaine or heavy marijuana use may temporarily reduce the number and quality of sperm by as much as 50 percent.
  • Taking prescription drugs: Some medications, such as those for ulcers or psoriasis, can slow or prevent the production of sperm.
    Being exposed to toxic substances or hazards on the job: Chronic exposure to elements such as lead, cadmium, mercury, hydrocarbons, pesticides, radioactivity, and X-rays may have an impact on sperm count and quality.
    Exposing genitals to heat: The frequent use of saunas, steam rooms, hot tubs, whirlpools, and hot baths can temporarily impair sperm production and reduce sperm count.
  • Having certain conditions or illnesses: Men with a history of prostatitis or genital infection, mumps after puberty, surgery on their hernia, undescended testicles, or scrotal varicose veins (varicocele) may also experience a decrease in fertility.

For more pregnancy tips from delicious and healthy recipes for your pregnancy diet to learning how to use the pregnancy kit properly, check out the rest of our site.

Nursery Ideas

When the results of your pregnancy test comes positive, you begin a journey that’ll last a lifetime. One of the most important things in the infant stage of your journey is deciding how to decorate your baby’s nursery. Your baby’s bedroom needs to be as functional as it is fabulous. All it needs is a little hard-work, some creativity & out-of-the-box thinking!

PLAYFUL DECOR

Here’s your chance to experiment with colors, patterns, textures, fabrics and wallpapers. You can let your inner artist run free with your little angel’s room décor, because the more colourful and whimsical it is, the more they’ll like it.

WHERE DO I START?

If you don’t know what you need, you could end up wasting money on items that you aren’t going to use. Every advert would made the products sound like necessities. You want your babies to have the best of everything and never go short. But some products are far from essential, so don’t get taken in. One product isn’t suitable for everyone. Think about you and your baby’s particular needs and circumstances. If you live in a flat, you will probably need a changing table in your baby’s room. If you live in a large house, you may need to change your baby downstairs more often.

FAMILY & FRIENDS TO THE RESCUE

Form a baby pool with your group of friends. Each of you can then contribute certain items that babies need, such as a Moses basket, baby bath and so on. Rotate these among the relevant families when each new baby is born. It saves money all around and it’s a good way for items to be re-used.

RESCUING ITEMS YOU ALREADY HAVE

Check what you already have at home before buying more. You can use old baskets and boxes in the house to organise my baby’s hygiene products. There’s no need to buy specially designed storage for your baby’s things.Instead of buying a feeding chair, you can use a chair you already own and use firm cushions for support.

WALL-PAPERING TIPS

  • Don’t Rush it – Wall-papering takes time. Plan on about four hours of wall prep, depending on the condition of the walls, and 10 hours to paper a small room.
  • Focus on preparation – While wallpapering over a painted wall first, sand the wall to dull the glossiness of the paint. Wipe with a tack cloth to remove dust. Then wash the area with a strong household detergent, let dry, and start papering.
  • Create a smooth surface – Wallpapering over a bumpy or textured wall? You have two options: Either cover the wall to be papered with a thin coat of drywall, or simply hang wallpaper liner.
  • Plan carefully – You want your last strip to end in a low-visibility part of the room, because it may be the one place where you cannot match the paper’s pattern exactly. A good place for the mismatch is against a window frame, where it may be obscured by window treatments.
  • Look for long term pieces – Instead of opting for furniture that looks like it’s made for a baby’s room, choose pieces that will grow with your child. Stay away from cutesy patterns and pick timeless classics that you and your child will love for years to come.
  • Get personal – You don’t need fancy artwork or wall hangings. Instead, frame family photos and hang them on the walls for a loving touch.
  • Skip the pricey bedding – Crib bumpers are now considered a SIDS risk, so there’s simply no need to buy an expensive bed set for baby. All you need are some cute fitted sheets and a crib skirt to complete the look. These items can be replaced on the cheap so you can switch up the look of the baby’s crib whenever you want.

For more awesome pregnancy tips and information including delicious and healthy recipes for your pregnancy diet to hearing what Shilpa Shetty talk about being a mother, check out the rest of our site.

5 Tips for fathers on taking care of their baby when alone

Take a look at the web and you’ll be amazed by the number of “hilarious” photos and videos titled “why you can’t leave your child alone with fathers”, you’ll find there. While they may be funny, it speaks volumes of a problem that we do not necessarily acknowledge. We’re generally taught that it is solely the responsibility of the mother to take care of the child, while the fathers have to take more of a supporting role.

This type of thinking is not just outdated, but insulting to both genders. As mothers, women should not be expected to take care of the child by themselves. Neither should fathers think of raising a child as mostly a “woman’s job”. The father should have enough parent skills to take care of the kid when the mother isn’t around. That is why here are a couple of tips that should help fathers take care of their child when they’re by themselves.

Put their interests first, always

So you enjoy drinking or smoking? Guess what – it’s not good for them, and you’re setting an example with everything you do. Say goodbye to all these bad habits. You should also take this opportunity to get to know your kid, find out his interests, what he likes and dislikes. There are many times that parents are not able to understand or do not know their own kids. Remember, the bond you make in the early years will last for a lifetime.

Talk to your baby as often as you can

Whether you’re carrying your baby or changing diapers you should keep talking. For example, ‘Let’s get this nappy changed. That feels better, doesn’t it? Here’s a nice clean nappy. Don’t cry – we’ll be finished soon’. Studies have shown that every word a baby hears helps develop his language and learning. It also strengthens your relationship with him. Telling stories, reading books or singing songs has the same effect.

Connect through touch

Physical touch should not be underestimated. It makes your baby feel safe and secure and builds trust and connection with you. Research has shown that this kind of bonding with kids also stimulates your baby’s brain development. You should try carrying and holding your baby as often as you can. If you hold her to your chest, she can also hear your heartbeat!

Educate yourself

Remember you’re not alone if you feel nervous or unsure about being a new dad – there are always things to learn. For example, you can find information by checking out Preganews.com, talking with other dads and attending parenting groups. It has to be said that the best way, however, to learn is by doing – spending lots of time caring for your baby.

It’s okay to ask for help

So, now that you’ve volunteered to stay with your child by yourself, you stumble on a problem. You need to remember that if you can’t find a solution to her distress, don’t be too proud to call for some help. Call your wife, call your mother; call her mother; call a friend who has been there. But don’t let yourself get angry or upset. The baby’s needs come first.

The times are changing. Mothers cannot be expected to just stay at home and take care of the baby. Whether it’s their jobs or just a break from everything, there will be times when they’ll be away from the child. That is why the fathers have to step up and take care of their kids. We hope these tips help you in your journey as a father.

5 Things to keep in mind while teaching your kids manners

A parent will quickly realize that while their children may be born with many innate abilities, behaving politely is not one of them. And so, it’s up to you to teach your little bundle of joy how to behave in a polite society.

If you start modeling your children’s behaviors from an early age, you’ll be able to teach them good manners easily. So, read on to learn how to raise a courteous, friendly child who is at home in any social situation.

Expect respect

The root of good manners is respect for another person; and the root of respect is sensitivity. Sensitivity is one of the most valuable qualities you can instill in your child — and it begins at infancy. A sensitive infant will naturally become a respectful child, because he cares for another’s feelings, and will naturally become a well-mannered person.

Their politeness will be more creative and more heartfelt than anything they can learn from a book of etiquette. Now days, especially in big urban areas, it is socially correct to teach children to be “assertive.” Keep in mind, however, being assertive is healthy if it doesn’t override politeness and good manners.

Teach polite words early

Did you know that even two-year-olds can learn to say “please” and “thank you”? Despite not being able to understand the social graciousness of these words, your toddler will realize that “please” is how you get what you want and “thank you” is how you end an interaction. When you plant these social niceties into your child’s vocabulary they will later use them with the understanding that they make others feel good about helping you.

Make it a habit to open with a “please” when you ask your toddler to give you something and to close with a “thank you”. Even before the child grasps the meaning of these words they learns they are important because mommy and daddy use them a lot and they have such nice expressions on their faces when they say these words. Your children will mimic these terms and understand their usefulness long before they understand their meaning.

Acknowledge your child

Try and include your child in adult goings-on, especially if there are no other children present. If you and your kid are in a crowd of mostly adults, tuning out your child is asking for trouble. Even a child who is usually well-behaved will make a nuisance of herself to get your attention. When you include your child, it teaches them social skills, and acknowledging their presence shows them that he they have value.

Stay connected with your child in situations that put them at risk for undesirable behavior. For example during a visit with other adults, make sure that you keep your younger child physically close to you and maintain frequent verbal and eye contact. You should also make an effort to ensure that your older child feels part of the action so that he is less likely to get bored and wander into trouble.

Don’t force manners.

Don’t make this common mistake. While it’s okay to occasionally dangle a “say please” over a child before you grant their request don’t rigidly adhere to asking for the “magic word” before you give your child what he wants.

This is a pretty sure way of tiring the child of these polite words even before he understands them. Make sure that when you remind a child to say “please,” do so as part of good speech, not as a requirement for getting what he wants. Your child should also hear a lot of good speech from you.

Correct politely

When your child makes a mistake, don’t rant and rave like many overreacting parents do. Instead, keep your voice modulated, look the child straight in the eye, and put your hand on his shoulder during your sermon.

These gestures reflect that you are correcting the child because you care. Your politeness will show your child that you value them and want them to learn from her mistakes so she becomes a better person.

Every parent dreams of the polite little child who says “please” and “thank you.” A reason why you should focus on your children’s manners is because it also reflects on you. Understanding the basis of good manners will help your kids become good citizens. Good manners, after all, are necessary for people to live together in this world. Gracious manners reflect a loving and considerate personality.

5 Reasons Why You Shouldn’t Be Your Child’s Best Friend

We get it. Of course a parent will dream of being their child’s best friend. It sounds absolutely heavenly. But be warned that you might not like it if you get what you yearn for.

The idea of parents being friends with their children isn’t new. The results, however, show that it is NOT a good idea. Period! However, to take care of any doubt, let’s also understand the definition of a friend here! We’re not talking about the dictionary’s definition, but your own definition of a friend.

You should keep in mind that choosing not to be your child’s best friend doesn’t mean that you’re not being supportive or that you’re choosing just to be an enforcer of rules. You’re making the choice to teach your kids rules, boundaries and expectations.

Law and order

Kids will be kids and parents must be parents. There are many times when your lovely bundle of joy will cause havoc without realizing what they’re doing, that’s when you’ll have to take charge and bring order. You have to be the parent your child needs, not the one he or she wants. Even if it means being disliked for some time because you set up some rules. Kids will create chaos; it’s your job to maintain the peace.

If you want your kids to grow up as law respecting citizens you’ll have to dish out punishment when required.

The need of a strong role model

Children need guidance. They require a strong person who’ll tell them what’s right and what’s wrong. If you’re the best friend, they get confused between your roles of convenience. You need to explain the boundaries.

They have to respect you enough to take your words seriously when you’re teaching about respect, conviction and perseverance. If you’re careless in your interactions with them all the time, your message might not get through.

Friendship is for equals

When you become your kid’s best friend what you’ll be implying is that you are their “partner in crime”. You do not get to scold them even when they’ve become very naughty because BFFs don’t do that. That is why you cannot be equal to your kids.

You need to be in a higher position when you have to lay down rules and enforce discipline. Keep in mind that you as a parent need to have the last word when there’s an argument. You lose this when you start becoming too friendly with your kid.

You’re supposed to be caring for their well-being, who teaches them right and wrong and to correct them. When you become BFF, you lose the authority and compromise on a few non-negotiable rules, which might prove costly in the long run.

Let them be themselves

Allowing your children the freedom to make their own choices is one of the greatest gifts a parent can give. You should not influence your children when they’re making choices.

There are many times when being too close to parents hinders a child’s sense of choice. They can become too dependent on you and will not learn the value of friends or peer group. Constant support and attention can also cause a lot of future problems as the child will not be able to deal without constant admiration, advice or attention. They should have the confidence to make mistakes and learn from them and be able to take their decisions without having some sort of ready-made advice.

Your job as a parent is to prepare your children for life. To be able to talk with your children about real issues, with the intention of teaching them life-skills so they, and you, will feel confident that when they go out on their own, they will be best able to make the safest and smartest choices.

Friends do not have this type of relationship. Good parents do.

 

Getting your kids outdoors

Kids nowadays seem to know more about iPhones and PS4s than “chor-police” and “pitthu”. The rise of technology, while making our lives extremely easy, has also given rise to a generation that prefers spending times indoor than outside. This can have many problems, including health and social problems.

Kids should be limited to less than two hours of entertainment-based screen time per day, and shouldn’t have TVs or Internet access in their bedrooms, according to reports from pediatricians in the United States.

Here are a few things that parents can do to ensure that children drop their phones and play outdoors.

New rules

Apart from limiting all entertainment screen time — including TV, the Internet and various smart devices — to less than two hours daily, children under age 2 should not be allowed screen time. While this is bound to be met with resistance, parents should put their feet down for the greater good.

A good idea is that parents should watch TV shows and movies with children, and monitor their media usage. Finally, families should define clear rules, such as curfews for internet use, or limits on cell phone use during dinner.

The problem is that many parents are clueless about technology and the impact they have on their kids. Children shouldn’t have Internet access or televisions in their rooms, because that makes it too hard for parents to monitor kids’ media use.

Balanced approach

You have to keep in mind that the rules you impose will not be popular. So you need to balance it out. A great idea is to get kids to go outside with their gadgets!

This approach is brilliant because you utilize the children’s interest to introduce a passion for the outdoors. If you just keep telling them to “go out and play”, they are more likely to rebel. But if you can get them to take their phones and pads outside, it’s a win/win for everyone.

Here are a few things you can do:

  • Use technology to help plan or inspire your next outdoor adventure. (Like a Pokemon Go contest)
  • Keep a record of the outdoor experiences with the help of photos, videos or an electronic journal of adventures
  • There are certain apps that help kids turn a walk in the park into an interactive experience with scavenger hunts, nature hikes, and other exciting games.
  • Another great idea would be to simply let kids use their gadget’s camera to try to capture the most amazing nature shot. Or let them surf the web to look up the tree or bird that they saw in the park.

As parents you should know that – technology is here to stay. While you might have to be a bit strict but if it helps your kids fall in love with nature, it is going to be worth it.

4 Things to Keep in Mind While Choosing the Perfect School

One of the biggest problems every parent faces is getting their kids into the right school. As, there are many applicants and the number of seats are limited, the children and parents have to go through the rigmarole of filling application forms, interviews and stress. The thinking now-a-days is that if your kids get into an A-list school, they can make a better future.

There are many things to consider when you’re choosing a school for your kids; here are the most important things you should keep in mind.

Choice of Curriculum

Parents are no longer limited to just schools of the state board or the CBSE now days. From ICSE to The International Baccalaureate (IB)/International General Certificate of Secondary Education (IGCSE) curricula, there are so many options. That is why you need to be very clear on the choice you’re making. If you’re planning to send your kids abroad for further education, it is advisable that you opt for an international board.

Schools’ Credentials

There are a number of “international” schools mushrooming in all corners of every city. It is a lucrative business, given the high fee structures of such schools. It’s a fad amongst people to say that they are sending their child to some “high-end” school, regardless of the education. But that is not enough. You need to do some homework and make sure that the school provides proper education and co-curricular activities for an overall growth and development of the child.

Student-Centric Approach

Today, many schools recognize that all children are not equally prepared for schooling, especially in the initial years of education. Students may show some learning disorders such as dyslexia, or have stronger visual memory, etc. Ensure that the schools have learning center’s to give extra coaching to such children.

It is also important for a school to have a healthy teacher-to-child ratio, especially in the lower classes. Opt for a school that has frequent teacher-parent meetings and helps you understand the evolving interests of your child.

Financial Commitment

The minimum outgo for an ICSE school is Rs 50,000 for lower classes. For IGSCE, it goes up to over a lakh. This is not just a one-time commitment, it is rather a recurring expense and it keeps rising year after year.

Ideally, a parent should start investing for the child’s education as early as the child’s conception. A parent should start investing for the child’s education till the child becomes financially independent. Given the uncertain economic times, parents should always have 2-3 years’ school fees ready.

There are a number of child plans and money-back plans available in the market, which typically address this need for covering child’s expenses. Typically a parent gets emotionally drawn in to buy such expensive policies. But experts say that mutual funds are the best low-cost investment option.

We get it that choosing the perfect school is a difficult task but not an impossible one! Make a plan and list down your requirements. Identify, study and shortlist the schools that match them. Interact with the parents who send their children to these schools. Make an informed decision and be financially prepared to help both you and your children enjoy their growing years.

How to deal with kids who lie

Most parents feel betrayed and hurt when they catch their child lying to them. This leads to frustration and anger. But you must remember that lying is normal. Prega News is not saying that lying is okay; we’re just saying that it’s natural. It’s something that even adults do.

That is why it’s important that you do not over react but teach your kids not to lie. Before you tell you how to deal with kids who lie, here are a few reasons why most kids lie.

  • To fit in with peers
  • To get attention
  • To avoid hurting other’s feelings
  • To avoid trouble

So, now that you have an understanding of why most children lie, here are a few do’s and don’ts that’ll help you deal with it.

1. Don’t label your kid verbally or don’t mentally brand your child as a liar. An occasional lie doesn’t make him/her a liar.

2. Be honest. If you’re not sure whether your child is lying or not, tell him/her. Do not accuse without proof.

3. Don’t ask questions that are setting your child your child up to lie.

4. Do recognize that a child who’s lying frequently might be struggling with low self-esteem. Lying can be a symptom, not a problem.

5. Don’t jump to conclusions. Your child’s perspective might be very different from yours, but it doesn’t mean that he/she is lying.

 

6. Do implement consequences of lying. You might be an understanding parent, but you also need to be firm, and learn to punish appropriately.

7. Do realize that transitioning from lying is time taking. Do not get frustrated and angry. You need to encourage your child.

8. Don’t use threats to stop the lying or make rules that will punish future lying. You might be saying, “If you lie once more, I’ll…” your child will be hearing, “I don’t trust you. I expect you to lie again.”

9. Do realize that lying can be a cry for help. He/she might be trying to communicate something. It’s your job to figure it out.

10. Don’t promise rewards for the truth. It can confuse children. You need to hold them accountable for their lying.

 

Parents need to know that lying is not a moral issue; it’s a problem–solving issue and/or an avoiding consequence issue. You might not realize it, but most of the time the kids know the difference between right and wrong – that is why they’re lying.

Remember, do not overreact, if you catch your child lying, punish him/her for the behavior, not for the lie. This can help you form a healthy and trusting bond with your child. Your child is trying to solve a problem in an ineffective way and it’s your job to coach them on how to face the problem and you’ll see that in time they’ll learn how to do it without lying.

5 ways to keep cool when your child is throwing tantrums

Preganews understands how difficult it is for parents to keep cool when their child is throwing tantrums. Kids can be extremely difficult and when they’re throwing tantrums, many parents react angrily. But as parents, you’ve got to remember that it’s your duty to teach your child how to handle anger.

Your patience will be tested by angry outbursts, defiance and arguing but you need to hold firm. If you react by screaming, it teaches your child to do the same. Here are a few things that might help you keep cool the next time your kid is throwing a tantrum.

Giving some space

Like an adult, even your child needs to vent their anger out. Let her/him. Sometimes, throwing a tantrum will enable your child to learn how to vent her/his anger in a non-destructive way. This way she/he can let their emotions out, pull him/her self together and regain composure without getting into a shouting match with you.

Showing affection

There are times when children throw tantrums because they feel that they are not paid adequate attention and/or they aren’t loved enough. You’ve got to read the signs. Don’t withhold love to teach them discipline. Your child should know that you love him/her.

Being firm

We know it’s difficult, but you need to learn how to balance being empathetic but firm when you’re talking with your child. You cannot back down after you’ve given your side of the argument. Keep in mind that your child mind not necessarily calm down, but he/she needs to learn that throwing a tantrum doesn’t lead to satisfactory results.

Ignore your child

Psychologists believe that when a child is throwing a tantrum, they’re literally out of their minds! The emotions take over overriding the part of their brain that makes decisions and judgments. It also means that the reasoning part isn’t working, that is why it’s okay to ignore them until they’re ready to listen.

Don’t be harsh

While we understand how frustrating it is, you need to understand that you shouldn’t yell or resort to corporal punishment to stop the tantrums. Explain that what they’re doing is wrong and that you don’t approve it. You can tell them there are other ways to express their feelings.

Parents should understand that the key to being in control is to keep cool and calm. There is a point in a child’s life when he/she needs to accept no as an answer. If they’re old enough to understand, then teach them that that’s not how to behave.

For more parenting and pregnancy tips, check out the rest of our site.

How to Protect Your Child from Bullying?

Many people believe that bullying is a rite of passage that everyone has to go through. Unfortunately, many do not realize that this sort of thinking might have implications that can scar your child for life.

Bullying is an aggressive behavior, whether physical or even physiological (mocking others, constantly berating others etc.) that people use to feel powerful. Because they feel powerless, having such kind of power makes them feel better for some time. Many bullies find it hard to resist this.

Protecting your child against bullying is something you cannot do. You can do your best, but your child will, someday, come across bullies that they’ll have to fend off. The good news is that you can help your child develop the skills to stand up to bullying behavior, and you can keep him from becoming a bully. Here are a few things you can teach your kids.

Teach your child about the importance of compassion and respect in a relationship.

Psychologists agree that the most effective way to keep children from being bullied, and from becoming bullies, is to make sure they grow up in loving relationships, rather than relationships that use power or force to control them. Children are very impressionable, if you spank, your child will learn that physical violence is the way to respond to interpersonal problems. When your discipline methods use power over your child, he/she will learn to use power over others, or to let others use power over him.

Stay close to your kids.

A survey revealed that lonely kids are more likely to be bullied. Always keep in mind that parenting is 90% having a close relationship with your child and only 10% guidance. You’ll not be able to guide unless you have the relationship to support it, and will just drive your child away. Keep those lines of communication open, no matter what.

Be a proper role model.

Just because you’re an adult doesn’t mean that you’ll not run into bullies. If you tend to back down easily so you don’t make a scene, but then later feel pushed-around, it’s time to change that. Your child is learning from watching you. Try and find the delicate balance of asserting your own needs or rights while maintaining respect for the other person. It’s also important not to put yourself or your child down, because you’re teaching her/him to follow in your footsteps.

Directly teach your child respectful self-assertion.

Kids need to know they can get their needs met while being respectful to other people. Teach them to communicate about what they want and feel comfortable about while respecting the wants and needs of other children.

Teach your child basic social skills.

Bullies usually prey on kids whom they perceive to be vulnerable. If you have a child who has social-skill challenges, make it a priority to support your child in all the other ways listed in this article, to make him less attractive to bullies.

Sometimes kids want peer acceptance so much that they continue to hang around a group of peers even when a few mistreat them. If you suspect your child might be vulnerable, listen to what he says about peer interactions to help him learn to check in with his own inner wisdom, and work to provide healthy relationship opportunities for him.

Teach kids to intervene to prevent bullying when they see it.

Experts agree that when bystanders intervene correctly, they can cut bullying more than half the time and within 10 seconds. For example, your child can partner with the victim and remove her/him from the danger. Turn the victim away from the bully and walk her/him off in the other direction towards adult help. They could say things like, “You look upset” or “I’ve been looking for you” or “The teacher sent me to find you.”

Your children should know it’s OK to walk away.

You should teach your child that there is no shame in being frightened by a bully, in walking away, or in telling an adult and asking for help. Bullying situations can escalate, and saving face is less important than something that can be really dangerous.

If you teach your child the values we’ve discussed in the article, there is a big possibility that your kids will be able to handle bullying. Because your job, as parents, is to protect your children it means that in addition to teaching them to stick up for themselves, there might be times when you need to call the teacher or principal.

Don’t assume that if there isn’t physical violence, he/she isn’t being wounded in a deep way. Despite what the old rhyme says about words not hurting, they can be terribly damaging to a child’s psyche, and cause lasting negative effects.