Tips for Selecting Créches

A mother’s duty might begin by simply choosing the perfect pregnancy kit but it gets even more hectic as time goes on. Choosing the perfect crèche or daycare centre for your baby that involves prioritizing your requirements, researching good crèches in your locality, being aware and observant are all important things a mother should do. An ideal crèche should be home away from home.

The first step you should take is to make a list of qualities you’re looking for in a childcare provider, such as experience, staff ratios, flexibility etc. Make sure to visit the childcare facility as often as you wish when there are children present. Doing this gives you an insight into the quality of childcare and the atmosphere there.

Make note of the following,

  • A warm responsive interaction between the carers and the children. Do the children look happy and content? Your gut instinct in judging this is often the best – will your own child be happy there?
  • A friendly, welcoming and safe environment.
  • A good structure and routine to the day and good arrangements for mealtimes.
  • Plenty of stimulating activities, toys and materials for the children that are appropriate to the age of your child.
  • Opportunities to play outdoors as well as indoors.
  • Transparent, well-established policies and open communication.
  • A structured, child-centric and age-specific curriculum.
  • Qualified, dedicated, and professional staff.
  • Clean and safe facilities with a valid operating license.

 

WHAT KIND OF POLICIES SHOULD YOU LOOK FOR?

  • A crèche should have clearly established policies for dealing with emergencies. By checking that these procedures are in place, you can see that the crèche or daycare centre takes the responsibility of caring for your child seriously.
  • The crèche should also have a strict illness policy. Find out if they have basic first aid facilities at all times. Staff should be trained in basic first aid and there should be someone responsible, who can assess an emergency situation and take necessary action. They should also have a list of emergency numbers handy.
  • The centre should also have a clear policy about handling sick staff and children.

 

QUALITIES TO LOOK FOR IN THE STAFF

Staff members should share your views on sleep, discipline, feeding and other care issues. Good caregivers will ask detailed questions about your child’s health. This may also help determine whether the crèche is right for you and your child.

Hygiene is an important factor to look out for in staff members. Look carefully and assess the cleanliness of the “ayahs” as they will be the ones who will be taking care of your child’s feeding and nappy changing.

Make sure the crèche has plenty of staff so that your child gets the attention and care that she needs. Ideally the smaller the group, the better the care. The child to staff ratio should preferably be:

  • 3:1 for children under two years of age.
  • 4:1 for children between two and three years of age.
  • 8:1 for children between three and five years of age.

Apart from the teacher and “ayah” also, check out crèche’s policy on the support staff. Are the security guards, sweepers, cooks, drivers verified by the police?

DON’T FORGET TO CHECK THESE TOO

  • The building should be suitably air-conditioned, lit and ventilated.
  • Do check if the crèche has a supply of good clean running water. Make sure the drinking water is filtered?
  • Are they equipped to handle the frequent power cuts? Do they have electricity backup services?
  • Is the refrigerator clean and in working order? Remember your child’s medicines and food will be stored in the common refrigerator.
  • Don’t forget to check the cots and bed linen. Make it a point to discuss what sleeping arrangements are being followed. Sometimes crèches make two or three children sleep in one cot. You must ensure that you state your expectations firmly and clearly.
  • Check where your baby’s daycare bag and spare clothes are kept. Ideally, each child should have a separate locker or shelf with a name tag. Your baby’s bottle, sipper, clothes, diapers and toiletries must not be shared with another child.
  • Make it a point to check your child’s bag every day. Good crèches will provide you with a checklist. They will also inform you when anything has been used or needs replacement.
  • Lastly, find out about their policy on potty training. Often one hears about caregivers hitting or punishing young children if there are accidents or if the child is not ready to be potty trained. Ensure you speak to the manager, caregiver and a few parents to get a true picture. If their ideas don’t match with yours, it may be wise to look for another crèche that does not put your child under any undue pressure.

Check out the rest of our site for more pregnancy tips, the pregnancy test calculator and all the information a mother would need.

Care & Nutrition

BABY MASSAGE

Massages are an integral part of baby care, they can be as important as your pregnancy diet. Regular massaging helps in the development of the baby’s limbs and proper flow of blood to all the parts of the baby’s body. Massaging should be started within 10-15 days of the baby’s birth. Branded oils should be avoided as much as possible and the purest oils should be used. Currently, a wide range of baby massage oils are available in the market and you can have your pick. You must choose the oil that is best for your baby. Along with all the other important pregnancy tips, you’ll get here, using the perfect massage oil is right up there with all the other important tips.

HOW TO CHOOSE THE RIGHT OIL FOR YOUR BABY’S MASSAGE?

Here are few tips which you can follow while choosing right oil for baby’s massage.

  1. Consult Your doctor.
  2. Make sure that the oil you’re using is not meant for adult usage but is only meant for babies. Oils meant for adults can be harsh on a baby’s skin.
  3. Avoid strongly scented oils. And use oils that are edible and natural since it might enter the baby’s mouth while massaging.
  4. First, check whether the oil is acceptable to the baby’s skin or not. Do not immediately use any oil without first checking how it affects the baby’s skin.
  5. Do not mix oils to massage your baby.
  6. Don’t keep on changing the massage oil frequently, without consulting the doctor first.
  7. Continue using an oil, something which the baby’s skin has become accustomed to.
  8. Avoid oils with a mineral base or mineral type oils.

 

TYPES OF OIL THAT CAN BE USED TO MASSAGE BABIES

  • Coconut Oil: It is considered to be the best oil to massage your baby. It is used plentiful in Southern India. Coconut oil contains antibacterial properties that are very beneficial for your baby’s skin.
  • Almond Oil: This is also known as ‘Badam Tel’. It contains Vitamin E in high proportions as compared to other oils. It is very good for the skin of the baby. Use of almond oil for massage ensures glowing and soft skin.
  • Mustard Oil: This oil is used on a very large scale in Northern India for massaging babies. It is very beneficial for use in winters. Mustard oil is also really good for hair and prevents the skin from developing infections.
  • Pure Ghee: It is also used for massaging babies. However, it is not used on a very large scale. Massaging body with ghee prevents baby’s body from cold, especially during winters.
  • Olive Oil: Olive oil is mostly popular in Western countries although it is used in India too. It is advised to use olive oil that is especially packaged for babies.

Your baby can be massaged with any of the above-mentioned oils. For best results, massage your baby regularly for until one to two years after birth. It is best advised to massage him/her yourself to develop a stronger bond and make your baby feel his/her mother’s touch. Follow the proper rules for massaging. You can ask for massaging tips from older women and mothers who have already had the experience in massaging newborns. In India, there is an unspoken tradition of grandmothers massaging their grandchildren, however, you can hire maids if you yourself are short of time.

DIET CHART

Earlier, pediatricians used to advise parents to start feeding their babies with cereal as soon as the baby turned one. Now, the recommendation has changed to after three-four months. And most recently, they have suggested withholding solid foods for until five-six months.

The primary reason for introducing a solid food diet is so that the baby can sleep throughout the night. If the baby is able to sleep, so can the parents. This technique does work sometimes for some babies but nutritionists are against it.

WHAT SHOULD BE INTRODUCED TO BABIES & WHEN?

Nutritionists advise an iron-rich diet once the baby starts eating solid food. For a long time, cereal that has been fortified with iron has been recommended as baby’s first food. Now, pediatricians advise finely grounded or strained meat to be used as first food instead of cereal. The iron and zinc in meat is better absorbed and more digestible than cereal. Although, many vegetarian families or some families simply might not be comfortable with feeding their babies meat at the very beginning. For such situation, iron-fortified cereal is the best option.

Most health care advisors suggest beginning with rice cereal as it is the least allergic. Further, it can be followed up with oatmeal, barley and wheat. Other foods like vegetables, fruits and meat can be given in later stages. Egg yolks, cheese and other milk products can be introduced after eight months or so. Whole milk and whole eggs can be brought in after around 12 months after birth.

The best method is to wait for three days after introducing different foods to the baby to observe her/his reaction to it. Rashes, diarrhea, and/or vomiting are signs of allergic reactions. Delay the introduction of those foods to the baby, which are known to have a negative reaction in a family till he/she attains 12 months of age.

Since solid foods are delayed for six months, it is not advised to serve commercially prepared first foods. These products are designed for 1-2 month old babies. Six- seven moth old babies can eat mashed and blended food. Mothers can use blenders, baby food mills, or forks for mashing and purring. Be careful and watchful for choking hazards. By the age of 8-10 months, your baby can be given small pieces of foods from the table. Foods like beets, turnip, carrots, collard greens, and spinach contain large amounts of nitrates which can cause anemia in infants. Recommendations on the timing of introducing solid foods should be on the basis of the nutritional needs and the physical development of infants.

The quantity to be served depends on the baby’s appetite, growth rate and physical activity. Possibilities are that baby can gobble up food in one go; in contrast to it, same child will not eat anything. Baby will “set the pace” and parents easily understand the speed and volume of it.
Crux of the matter is that parents’ goal should be to give what is best for the baby’s development rather than pushing the timetable. Babies mature and grow fast when parents follow their set pace.

TRANSITION TO YOUR NEW LIFE

The first few weeks and months of a baby’s and parents’ life are full of ups and downs. Apart from the wonder and love, there is also your new role of fitting into a parent’s shoes and caring for your newborn. It can surely be exhausting for new moms and dads, but the transition can be smooth with some planning and effective communication.

You must be open to each other about the exact tasks that need to be performed in a particular week, narrow it down to each day, then both parents can take the responsibility for it so that not much has to be done on a daily basis. By following this practice daily, parents can also be at ease, can sleep well and nurture everyone in the family properly.

The initial days or weeks when a baby is born, are usually very busy, therefore, not an appropriate time for visitors. Parents must ensure that they make it understandable for friends and relatives. Always keep a company of those friends and relatives who are eager to support you and also extend a helping hand in handling the baby in your absence. It is better to communicate and let people know about your plans of spending some alone time with your baby or in case you have some other work, tell someone in advance so that they can help you with babysitting your little one.
In most of the cases, the baby catches infection from the clothes. Therefore, it is of utmost importance to keep the baby’s clothes in hygienic and germ-free conditions. Taking care of your baby’s clothes is definitely a daunting task. Baby feels comfortable and stays cheerful in clean, germ free, soft and loose clothes.

TAKING CARE OF BABY’S STUFF

  • Wash your baby’s clothes with a mild detergent or soap only, as strong detergents are harsh and make the clothes rough. Baby’s clothes should be rinsed thoroughly. Remains of detergent or soap in the baby’s clothes are harmful for a baby’s skin.
  • Try to use fabric softeners for washing baby’s clothes. It will keep baby’s clothes soft.
  • Avoid washing baby’s clothes with other clothes. Always wash and dry baby’s clothes separately as adult’s clothes may carry germs which may get transferred to baby’s clothes even after washing.
  • Sun dry baby’s clothes. It ensures bacteria free clothes.
  • Don’t use high fragrant detergent or soaps for washing baby’s clothes.
  • Soak baby’s clothes in warm water before washing. It removes the dirt and kills the germs.
  • Baby’s clothes should be kept in a bag or wrapped in clean cloth after washing and drying. This ensures germ and dirt free clothes for the next use.
  • Wash dirty cloth nappies and diapers separately with hot water.

CHOOSING THE RIGHT DIAPER FOR YOUR BABY

A mother can either prefer cloth diapers or disposable ones. For those who prefer disposable diapers should have sufficient stock in hand, at all times. Disposable diapers are more costly as compared to cloth diapers. Disposable diapers are use and throw; they don’t require cleaning whereas cloth diapers are made of natural fabrics and can be reused. The drawback of cloth diapers is that they need a lot of maintenance like washing and drying.

Comfort should be the main consideration for choosing disposable diapers. You need to ensure that the diaper should not be too loose or too tight. Loose diaper could lead to leaks and messy affair each time, also, too fit diapers can lead to red spots and rashes. Size matters a lot. The baby should be comfortable in his or her diaper.

HOW TO AVOID DIAPER RASHES

A Diaper rash is also known as ‘contact diaper rash’ or ‘diaper dermatitis’. Babies suffer from diaper rash when the dirty and wet diaper comes in contact with the skin for a long time. The moistened diaper irritates the skin. It is easy to prevent diaper rash with proper precautions, like the ones mentioned below:

Allow baby’s diaper area to dry naturally before putting on the new diaper.Change baby’s diaper as soon as it is wet and soiled.Try changing diaper, soaps or wipes, if diaper rash persists.Avoid using baby wipes that contain alcohol, it irritate the baby’s skin.Cloth diapers should be boiled after washing to make it germ free.

REASONS WHY YOUR BABY IS CRANKY

Crying is normal and parents must try to comfort the baby when he cries. Babies cry when they want their needs addressed. Parents learn to get better at this with the passage of time and can differentiate when they are crying for what reason. Babies cry may be due to hunger or wet nappy or illness or when they feel sleepy.

  • Fatigue – Babies often cry themselves to sleep. Parents need not be too concerned as they often grow out of this. Soothing your baby by picking him/her up or handing over a dummy/toy for them to hold on to will extend the problem. Baby will develop a habit of it and it will be difficult for parents to make the baby learn to sleep on their own. A regular bedtime routine and adequate rest during the day is helpful.
  • Indigestion – Babies also often cry because of colic pain – form of indigestion. Baby can have indigestion from formula milk, mother’s milk, even from solid food. Normally, we get influenced from advertisements and introduce the new brand of formula milk to baby, it might be possible that particular brand does not suit the child and could lead to colic pain. But before you make the hasty decision of switching brands, see the pattern for couple of more days. Change the brand, if the pain persists for more than two days. It’s a belief that the baby can suffer from the pain, if the mother has eaten some heavy food which is difficult to digest.Analyze the food intake of the baby to identify the cause of indigestion. This is particularly when it comes to giving solid food to the child.
  • Baby needs to burp – Babies feel uncomfortable when they swallow air. Parents can prevent it by taking few precautionary measures like keeping them upright as much as possible during feeding and burping. Ensure the baby burps regularly during feeds in order to expel swallowed air. Milk bottle should have right-size tight hole to reduce air intake. Apply light pressure to the baby’s abdomen (by laying child across your lap, tummy down or upright against your shoulder) while patting or rubbing his/her back , to expel air from child’s body.
  • For no reason at all – Sometimes though you take lot care of child, but baby just not stop crying. Studies indicate that four out of five babies cry apparently for no reason. The minimum duration of crying session is 15 minutes and maximum is an hour. Crying jags usually occur in the evening. The probable reason could be that part of the day is high on noise and activity level, as family returns home and prepares to settle down. Babies often cannot tolerate this heightened hustle-bustle, new sights change in sounds & smells. For the baby it is the end of a tiring day. After the sensory overload, the baby relaxes by having a good cry.

BABY SLEEP

Congratulations on becoming a new parent! It is a very glorious time of your life. It’s a phase of recovery, adjustment, sometimes confusion and frustration, but mostly it is falling in love with your little one.

Babies in the age group of 0 to 4 months have different sleeping needs and patterns than the older ones.

The first few weeks of baby’s life: In the first eight weeks of their life, babies sleep for more than 16 hours and are unable to differentiate between day and night. The 24 hour day does not exist for them. But after eight weeks, their sleep pattern starts to change as they become more aligned to the day and night changes.

Learning to Self-Soothe: Allowing the baby to fall asleep on his/her own is the most important thing, according to infant “Sleep Researchers” & the leading “Baby Sleep Experts”. Numerous studies have shown that this practice helps the parents to overcome the difficulties in the sleeping pattern of infants.

A substantial late night feeding helps: Babies grow more rapidly as they are on a liquid diet. Breast milk is easier to digest than formula milk. Although it sounds nice to lay your little one for sleep at a predetermined bedtime and not hear a peep from him at midnight, this does not work for a new born baby. Newborn babies need to be fed after 3-4 hours. In the first few months, a newborn will have tremendous growth spurts and will require feeding at night as well and not just during day time. This sometimes pushes that two- to four-hour schedule to a one-to two-hour schedule round the clock.

The Difference Between Day and Night: Teach your baby the difference between night and day. This simply means that home should be a stimulating place during day, and a quiet one at night. Reduce the amount of noise and stimulation as the sun goes down. Mothers can make their infants sleep throughout the night by feeding them late at night.

A bath can do the trick: A nice, warm bath before going to bed can be the perfect remedy to making your baby go to sleep faster. Baths relax your child, in addition to an oil massage. Not including too much activity in the bath like toys and such will soothe your baby and relax his/her enough for a peaceful night’s sleep.

A Pacifier: A pacifier is also part of the self-soothing technique. The soft ones are especially helpful in keeping your baby quiet and content and happily asleep. Studies also show that it may protect against SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome). It is better to remove the pacifier after your baby has fallen asleep since he/she might get hurt on rolling over.

Bedtime stories: Telling bedtime stories is another way of making your baby fall asleep. The soft soothing tone that you use will come in handy in future times as well. It doesn’t even matter at this point whether you’re reading Harry Potter or a magazine, since your baby will only be concentrating on the rising and falling patterns of your voice.

For more tips on parenthood and pregnancy check out the rest of our site. From the pregnancy test calculator to the Shilpa Shetty pregnancy ad, this is the best place for expecting mothers.